www.multichannelsystems.com

Innovations in Electrophysiology

Drug- and ion channel screening (Roboocyte)

Ast C, Foret J, Oltrogge LM, De Michele R, Kleist TJ, Ho CH, Frommer WB (2017) Ratiometric Matryoshka biosensors from a nested cassette of green- and orange-emitting fluorescent proteins. Nat Commun 8:431.

Becker F, Reid CA, Hallmann K, Tae H-S, Phillips AM, Teodorescu G, Weber YG, Kleefuss-Lie A, Elger C, Perez-Reyes E, Petrou S, Kunz WS, Lerche H, Maljevic S (2017) Functional variants in HCN4 and CACNA1H may contribute to genetic generalized epilepsy. Epilepsia Open 2:334-342.

Callahan PM, Bertrand D, Bertrand S, Plagenhoef MR, Terry AV (2017) Tropisetron sensitizes α7 containing nicotinic receptors to low levels of acetylcholine in vitro and improves memory-related task performance in young and aged animals. Neuropharmacology 117:422-433.

Garrood WT, Zimmer CT, Gutbrod O, Lüke B, Williamson MS, Bass C, Nauen R, Emyr Davies TG (2017) Influence of the RDL A301S mutation in the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens on the activity of phenylpyrazole insecticides. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.

Giralt A, Gomez-Climent MA, Alcala R, Bretin S, Bertrand D, Maria Delgado-Garcia J, Perez-Navarro E, Alberch J, Gruart A (2017) The AMPA receptor positive allosteric modulator S 47445 rescues in vivo CA3-CA1 long-term potentiation and structural synaptic changes in old mice. Neuropharmacology 123:395-409.

Li M, Maljevic S, Phillips AM, Petrovski S, Hildebrand M, Burgess R, Mount T, Zara F, Striano P, Schubert J, Thiele H, Nürnberg P, Wong M, Weisenberg JL, Thio LL, Lerche H, Scheffer IE, Berkovic SF, Petrou S, Reid CA (2017) Gain-of-function HCN2 variants in genetic epilepsy. Human Mutation:n/a-n/a.

Li M, Milligan CJ, Wang H, Walker A, Churilov L, Lawrence AJ, Reid CA, Hopkins SC, Petrou S (2017) KCTD12 modulation of GABA(B) receptor function. Pharmacol Res Perspect 5:e00319.

Masnada S, Hedrich UBS, Gardella E, Schubert J, Kaiwar C, Klee EW, Lanpher BC, Gavrilova RH, Synofzik M, Bast T, Gorman K, King MD, Allen NM, Conroy J, Ben Zeev B, Tzadok M, Korff C, Dubois F, Ramsey K, Narayanan V, Serratosa JM, Giraldez BG, Helbig I, Marsh E, O’Brien M, Bergqvist CA, Binelli A, Porter B, Zaeyen E, Horovitz DD, Wolff M, Marjanovic D, Caglayan HS, Arslan M, Pena SDJ, Sisodiya SM, Balestrini S, Syrbe S, Veggiotti P, Lemke JR, Møller RS, Lerche H, Rubboli G (2017) Clinical spectrum and genotype–phenotype associations of KCNA2-related encephalopathies. Brain 140:2337-2354.

Mermans C, Dermauw W, Geibel S, Van Leeuwen T (2017) A G326E substitution in the glutamate-gated chloride channel 3 (GluCl3) of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae abolishes the agonistic activity of macrocyclic lactones. Pest Manag Sci.

Moller RS, Wuttke TV, Helbig I, Marini C, Johannesen KM, Brilstra EH, Vaher U, Borggraefe I, Talvik I, Talvik T, Kluger G, Francois LL, Lesca G, de Bellescize J, Blichfeldt S, Chatron N, Holert N, Jacobs J, Swinkels M, Betzler C, Syrbe S, Nikanorova M, Myers CT, Larsen LH, Vejzovic S, Pendziwiat M, von Spiczak S, Hopkins S, Dubbs H, Mang Y, Mukhin K, Holthausen H, van Gassen KL, Dahl HA, Tommerup N, Mefford HC, Rubboli G, Guerrini R, Lemke JR, Lerche H, Muhle H, Maljevic S (2017) Mutations in GABRB3: From febrile seizures to epileptic encephalopathies. Neurology 88:483-492.

Mullier B, Wolff C, Sands ZA, Ghisdal P, Muglia P, Kaminski RM, Andre VM (2017) GRIN2B gain of function mutations are sensitive to radiprodil, a negative allosteric modulator of GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors. Neuropharmacology 123:322-331.

Niturad CE, Lev D, Kalscheuer VM, Charzewska A, Schubert J, Lerman-Sagie T, Kroes HY, Oegema R, Traverso M, Specchio N, Lassota M, Chelly J, Bennett-Back O, Carmi N, Koffler-Brill T, Iacomino M, Trivisano M, Capovilla G, Striano P, Nawara M, Rzońca S, Fischer U, Bienek M, Jensen C, Hu H, Thiele H, Altmüller J, Krause R, May P, Becker F, Balling R, Biskup S, Haas SA, Nürnberg P, van Gassen KLI, Lerche H, Zara F, Maljevic S, Leshinsky-Silver E (2017) Rare GABRA3 variants are associated with epileptic seizures, encephalopathy and dysmorphic features. Brain:awx236-awx236.

Price KL, Hirayama Y, Lummis SCR (2017) Subtle Differences among 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, and 5-HT3AE Receptors Are Revealed by Partial Agonists. ACS Chem Neurosci 8:1085-1091.

Tae HS, Smith KM, Phillips AM, Boyle KA, Li M, Forster IC, Hatch RJ, Richardson R, Hughes DI, Graham BA, Petrou S, Reid CA (2017) Gabapentin Modulates HCN4 Channel Voltage-Dependence. Front Pharmacol 8:554.

Castillo-Gomez E, Oliveira B, Tapken D, Bertrand S, Klein-Schmidt C, Pan H, Zafeiriou P, Steiner J, Jurek B, Trippe R, Pruss H, Zimmermann WH, Bertrand D, Ehrenreich H, Hollmann M (2016) All naturally occurring autoantibodies against the NMDA receptor subunit NR1 have pathogenic potential irrespective of epitope and immunoglobulin class. Mol Psychiatry.

Corbett MA, Bellows ST, Li M, Carroll R, Micallef S, Carvill GL, Myers CT, Howell KB, Maljevic S, Lerche H, Gazina EV, Mefford HC, Bahlo M, Berkovic SF, Petrou S, Scheffer IE, Gecz J (2016) Dominant KCNA2 mutation causes episodic ataxia and pharmacoresponsive epilepsy. Neurology 87:1975-1984.

Diochot S, Alloui A, Rodrigues P, Dauvois M, Friend V, Aissouni Y, Eschalier A, Lingueglia E, Baron A (2016) Analgesic effects of mambalgin peptide inhibitors of acid-sensing ion channels in inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Pain 157:552-559.

Helbig KL, Hedrich UB, Shinde DN, Krey I, Teichmann AC, Hentschel J, Schubert J, Chamberlin AC, Huether R, Lu HM, Alcaraz WA, Tang S, Jungbluth C, Dugan SL, Vainionpaa L, Karle KN, Synofzik M, Schols L, Schule R, Lehesjoki AE, Helbig I, Lerche H, Lemke JR (2016) A recurrent mutation in KCNA2 as a novel cause of hereditary spastic paraplegia and ataxia. Ann Neurol 80.

Johannesen K, Marini C, Pfeffer S, Moller RS, Dorn T, Niturad CE, Gardella E, Weber Y, Sondergard M, Hjalgrim H, Nikanorova M, Becker F, Larsen LH, Dahl HA, Maier O, Mei D, Biskup S, Klein KM, Reif PS, Rosenow F, Elias AF, Hudson C, Helbig KL, Schubert-Bast S, Scordo MR, Craiu D, Djemie T, Hoffman-Zacharska D, Caglayan H, Helbig I, Serratosa J, Striano P, De Jonghe P, Weckhuysen S, Suls A, Muru K, Talvik I, Talvik T, Muhle H, Borggraefe I, Rost I, Guerrini R, Lerche H, Lemke JR, Rubboli G, Maljevic S (2016) Phenotypic spectrum of GABRA1: From generalized epilepsies to severe epileptic encephalopathies. Neurology 87:1140-1151.

Li S, Wang X, Ma QH, Yang WL, Zhang XG, Dawe GS, Xiao ZC (2016) Amyloid precursor protein modulates Nav1.6 sodium channel currents through a Go-coupled JNK pathway. Sci Rep 6:39320.

Maljevic S, Vejzovic S, Bernhard MK, Bertsche A, Weise S, Docker M, Lerche H, Lemke JR, Merkenschlager A, Syrbe S (2016) Novel KCNQ3 Mutation in a Large Family with Benign Familial Neonatal Epilepsy: A Rare Cause of Neonatal Seizures. Mol Syndromol 7:189-196.

Mourier G, Salinas M, Kessler P, Stura EA, Leblanc M, Tepshi L, Besson T, Diochot S, Baron A, Douguet D, Lingueglia E, Servent D (2016) Mambalgin-1 Pain-relieving Peptide, Stepwise Solid-phase Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Functional Domain for Acid-sensing Ion Channel 1a Inhibition. J Biol Chem 291:2616-2629.

Murenzi E, Toltin AC, Symington SB, Morgan MM, Clark JM (2016) Evaluation of microtransplantation of rat brain neurolemma into Xenopus laevis oocytes as a technique to study the effect of neurotoxicants on endogenous voltage-sensitive ion channels. Neurotoxicology.

Reyes-Mejia GC (2016) Molecular studies of ATP-sensitive potassium channels: Gating, pathology, and optogenetics

Wijckmans E, Nys M, Debaveye S, Brams M, Pardon E, Willegems K, Bertrand D, Steyaert J, Efremov R, Ulens C (2016) Functional and Biochemical Characterization of Alvinella pompejana Cys-Loop Receptor Homologues. PLoS ONE 11:e0151183.

Eggert M, Winterer G, Wanischeck M, Hoda JC, Bertrand D, Steinlein O (2015) The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit contains a functionally relevant SNP Haplotype. BMC Genet 16:46.

Li M, Jazayeri D, Corry B, McSweeney KM, Heinzen EL, Goldstein DB, Petrou S (2015) A functional correlate of severity in alternating hemiplegia of childhood. Neurobiol Dis 77:88-93.

Moreau CJ, Niescierowicz K, Caro LN, Revilloud J, Vivaudou M (2015) Ion channel reporter for monitoring the activity of engineered GPCRs. Methods Enzymol 556:425-454.

Muona M, Berkovic SF, Dibbens LM, Oliver KL, Maljevic S, Bayly MA, Joensuu T, Canafoglia L, Franceschetti S, Michelucci R, Markkinen S, Heron SE, Hildebrand MS, Andermann E, Andermann F, Gambardella A, Tinuper P, Licchetta L, Scheffer IE, Criscuolo C, Filla A, Ferlazzo E, Ahmad J, Ahmad A, Baykan B, Said E, Topcu M, Riguzzi P, King MD, Ozkara C, Andrade DM, Engelsen BA, Crespel A, Lindenau M, Lohmann E, Saletti V, Massano J, Privitera M, Espay AJ, Kauffmann B, Duchowny M, Moller RS, Straussberg R, Afawi Z, Ben-Zeev B, Samocha KE, Daly MJ, Petrou S, Lerche H, Palotie A, Lehesjoki AE (2015) A recurrent de novo mutation in KCNC1 causes progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Nat Genet 47:39-46.

Price KL, Lillestol RK, Ulens C, Lummis SC (2015) Varenicline Interactions at the 5-HT3 Receptor Ligand Binding Site are Revealed by 5-HTBP. ACS Chem Neurosci 6:1151-1157.

Syrbe S, Hedrich UB, Riesch E, Djemie T, Muller S, Moller RS, Maher B, Hernandez-Hernandez L, Synofzik M, Caglayan HS, Arslan M, Serratosa JM, Nothnagel M, May P, Krause R, Loffler H, Detert K, Dorn T, Vogt H, Kramer G, Schols L, Mullis PE, Linnankivi T, Lehesjoki AE, Sterbova K, Craiu DC, Hoffman-Zacharska D, Korff CM, Weber YG, Steinlin M, Gallati S, Bertsche A, Bernhard MK, Merkenschlager A, Kiess W, Gonzalez M, Zuchner S, Palotie A, Suls A, De Jonghe P, Helbig I, Biskup S, Wolff M, Maljevic S, Schule R, Sisodiya SM, Weckhuysen S, Lerche H, Lemke JR (2015) De novo loss- or gain-of-function mutations in KCNA2 cause epileptic encephalopathy. Nat Genet 47:393-399.

Clemencon B, Fine M, Luscher B, Baumann MU, Surbek DV, Abriel H, Hediger MA (2014) Expression, purification, and projection structure by single particle electron microscopy of functional human TRPM4 heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Protein Expr Purif 95:169-176.

Hassaine G, Deluz C, Grasso L, Wyss R, Tol MB, Hovius R, Graff A, Stahlberg H, Tomizaki T, Desmyter A, Moreau C, Li XD, Poitevin F, Vogel H, Nury H (2014) X-ray structure of the mouse serotonin 5-HT3 receptor. Nature 512:276-281.

Ho CH, Frommer WB (2014) Fluorescent sensors for activity and regulation of the nitrate transceptor CHL1/NRT1.1 and oligopeptide transporters. Elife 3:e01917.

Jones AM, Xuan Y, Xu M, Wang RS, Ho CH, Lalonde S, You CH, Sardi MI, Parsa SA, Smith-Valle E, Su T, Frazer KA, Pilot G, Pratelli R, Grossmann G, Acharya BR, Hu HC, Engineer C, Villiers F, Ju C, Takeda K, Su Z, Dong Q, Assmann SM, Chen J, Kwak JM, Schroeder JI, Albert R, Rhee SY, Frommer WB (2014) Border control--a membrane-linked interactome of Arabidopsis. Science 344:711-716.

Juneja P, Horlacher R, Bertrand D, Krause R, Marger F, Welte W (2014) An Internally Modulated, Thermostable, pH-sensitive Cys Loop Receptor from the Hydrothermal Vent Worm Alvinella pompejana. Journal of Biological Chemistry 289:15130-15140.

Milligan CJ, Li M, Gazina EV, Heron SE, Nair U, Trager C, Reid CA, Venkat A, Younkin DP, Dlugos DJ, Petrovski S, Goldstein DB, Dibbens LM, Scheffer IE, Berkovic SF, Petrou S (2014) KCNT1 gain-of-function in two epilepsy phenotypes is reversed by quinidine. Ann Neurol.

Niescierowicz K, Caro L, Cherezov V, Vivaudou M, Moreau CJ (2014) Functional assay for T4 lysozyme-engineered G protein-coupled receptors with an ion channel reporter. Structure 22:149-155.

De Michele R, Ast C, Loque D, Ho CH, Andrade SL, Lanquar V, Grossmann G, Gehne S, Kumke MU, Frommer WB (2013) Fluorescent sensors reporting the activity of ammonium transceptors in live cells. Elife 2:e00800.

Nieścierowicz K (2013) Developpement de la technologie des Récepteurs Couplés à un Canal Ionique pour des études structure-fonction des Récepteurs Couplés aux Protéines G et du canal Kir6.2. . Laboratoire Canaux dans l'École Doctorale Chimie et Sciences de Vivant DOCTEUR DE L’UNIVERSITÉ DE GRENOBLE

Orhan G, Bock M, Schepers D, Ilina EI, Reichel SN, Loffler H, Jezutkovic N, Weckhuysen S, Mandelstam S, Suls A, Danker T, Guenther E, Scheffer IE, Jonghe PD, Lerche H, Maljevic S (2013) Dominant-negative Effects of KCNQ2 Mutations are Associated with Epileptic Encephalopathy. Ann Neurol.

Spurny R, Billen B, Howard RJ, Brams M, Debaveye S, Price KL, Weston DA, Strelkov SV, Tytgat J, Bertrand S, Bertrand D, Lummis SC, Ulens C (2013) Multisite binding of a general anesthetic to the prokaryotic pentameric Erwinia chrysanthemi ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC). J Biol Chem 288:8355-8364.

Stornaiuolo M, De Kloe GE, Rucktooa P, Fish A, van Elk R, Edink ES, Bertrand D, Smit AB, de Esch IJ, Sixma TK (2013) Assembly of a pi-pi stack of ligands in the binding site of an acetylcholine-binding protein. Nat Commun 4:1875.

Beissner M, Dutertre S, Schemm R, Danker T, Sporning A, Grubmuller H, Nicke A (2012) Efficient Binding of 4/7 alpha-Conotoxins to Nicotinic alpha4beta2 Receptors Is Prevented by Arg185 and Pro195 in the alpha4 Subunit. Mol Pharmacol 82:711-718.

Favreau P, Benoit E, Hocking HG, Carlier L, D' hoedt D, Leipold E, Markgraf R, Schlumberger S, Cordova MA, Gaertner H, Paolini-Bertrand M, Hartley O, Tytgat J, Heinemann SH, Bertrand D, Boelens R, Stocklin R, Molgo J (2012) A novel micro-conopeptide, CnIIIC, exerts potent and preferential inhibition of NaV1.2/1.4 channels and blocks neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Br J Pharmacol 166:1654-1668.

Mezler M, Barghorn S, Schoemaker H, Gross G, Nimmrich V (2012) A beta-amyloid oligomer directly modulates P/Q-type calcium currents in Xenopus oocytes. Br J Pharmacol 165:1572-1583.

Murray TA, Bertrand D, Papke RL, George AA, Pantoja R, Srinivasan R, Liu Q, Wu J, Whiteaker P, Lester HA, Lukas RJ (2012) alpha7beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors assemble, function, and are activated primarily via their alpha7-alpha7 interfaces. Mol Pharmacol 81:175-188.

Osipov AV, Rucktooa P, Kasheverov IE, Filkin SY, Starkov VG, Andreeva TV, Sixma TK, Bertrand D, Utkin YN, Tsetlin VI (2012) Dimeric alpha-cobratoxin X-ray structure: localization of intermolecular disulfides and possible mode of binding to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. J Biol Chem 287:6725-6734.

Prickaerts J, van Goethem NP, Chesworth R, Shapiro G, Boess FG, Methfessel C, Reneerkens OA, Flood DG, Hilt D, Gawryl M, Bertrand S, Bertrand D, Konig G (2012) EVP-6124, a novel and selective alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist, improves memory performance by potentiating the acetylcholine response of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Neuropharmacology 62:1099-1110.

Utkin YN, Weise C, Kasheverov IE, Andreeva TV, Kryukova EV, Zhmak MN, Starkov VG, Hoang NA, Bertrand D, Ramerstorfer J, Sieghart W, Thompson AJ, Lummis SC, Tsetlin VI (2012) Azemiopsin from Azemiops feae viper venom, a novel polypeptide ligand of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. J Biol Chem 287:27079-27086.

Baqi Y, Hausmann R, Rosefort C, Rettinger J, Schmalzing G, Muller CE (2011) Discovery of Potent Competitive Antagonists and Positive Modulators of the P2X2 Receptor. J Med Chem.

Bergeron MJ, Boggavarapu R, Meury M, Ucurum Z, Caron L, Isenring P, Hediger MA, Fotiadis D (2011) Frog oocytes to unveil the structure and supramolecular organization of human transport proteins. PLoS ONE 6:e21901.

Kvist T, Hansen KB, Bräuner-Osborne H (2011) The use of Xenopus oocytes in drug screening. Expert Opin Drug Discov 6:141-153.

Thompson AJ, Price KL, Lummis SC (2011) Cysteine modification reveals which subunits form the ligand binding site in human heteromeric 5-HT3AB receptors. J Physiol 589:4243-4257.

Watson GB, Loso MR, Babcock JM, Hasler JM, Letherer TJ, Young CD, Zhu Y, Casida JE, Sparks TC (2011) Novel nicotinic action of the sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor. Insect Biochem Mol Biol.

Zhu Y, Loso MR, Watson GB, Sparks TC, Rogers RB, Huang JX, Gerwick BC, Babcock JM, Kelley D, Hegde VB, Nugent BM, Renga JM, Denholm I, Gorman K, Deboer GJ, Hasler J, Meade T, Thomas JD (2011) Discovery and characterization of sulfoxaflor, a novel insecticide targeting sap-feeding pests. J Agric Food Chem 59:2950-2957.

Bunse S, Schmidt M, Prochnow N, Zoidl G, Dermietzel R (2010) Intracellular cysteine 346 is essentially involved in regulating panx1 channel activity. J Biol Chem 285:38444-38452.

Watson GB, Chouinard SW, Cook KR, Geng C, Gifford JM, Gustafson GD, Hasler JM, Larrinua IM, Letherer TJ, Mitchell JC, Pak WL, Salgado VL, Sparks TC, Stilwell GE (2010) A spinosyn-sensitive Drosophila melanogaster nicotinic acetylcholine receptor identified through chemically induced target site resistance, resistance gene identification, and heterologous expression. Insect Biochem Mol Biol 40:376-384.

Bradaia A, Trube G, Stalder H, Norcross RD, Ozmen L, Wettstein JG, Pinard A, Buchy D, Gassmann M, Hoener MC, Bettler B (2009) The selective antagonist EPPTB reveals TAAR1-mediated regulatory mechanisms in dopaminergic neurons of the mesolimbic system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20081-20086.

Han N, Vandongen HMA, Vandongen AMJ (2009) Identification of a Novel Class of Allosteric Modulators of the NMDA Receptor. SGH PROCEEDINGS 18.

Zheng T, Clarke AL, Morris MJ, Reid CA, Petrou S, O'Brien TJ (2009) Oxcarbazepine, not its active metabolite, potentiates GABAA activation and aggravates absence seizures. Epilepsia 50:83-87.

Buckingham SD, Pym L, Sattelle DB (2008) Oocytes as an Expression System for Studying Receptor/Channel Targets of Drugs and Pesticides In: Methods in Molecular Biology: Xenopus Protocols - Cell Biology and Signal Transduction (Liu X, ed).

Leisgen C, Kuester M, Methfessel C (2007) The Roboocyte: Automated Electrophysiology Based on Xenopus Oocytes In: Patch Clamp Methods and Protocols (Molnar P, ed): Humana Press.

Goldin AL, ed (2006) Expression of Ion Channels in Xenopus Oocytes. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Liu L, Zheng T, Morris MJ, Wallengren C, Clarke AL, Reid CA, Petrou S, O'Brien TJ (2006) The mechanism of carbamazepine aggravation of absence seizures. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 319:790-798.

Selenko P, Serber Z, Gadea B, Ruderman J, Wagner G (2006) Quantitative NMR analysis of the protein G B1 domain in Xenopus laevis egg extracts and intact oocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11904-11909.

Serber Z, Selenko P, Hansel R, Reckel S, Lohr F, Ferrell JE, Jr., Wagner G, Dotsch V (2006) Investigating macromolecules inside cultured and injected cells by in-cell NMR spectroscopy. Nat Protoc 1:2701-2709.

Shemon AN, Sluyter R, Fernando SL, Clarke AL, Dao-Ung LP, Skarratt KK, Saunders BM, Tan KS, Gu BJ, Fuller SJ, Britton WJ, Petrou S, Wiley JS (2006) A Thr357 to Ser polymorphism in homozygous and compound heterozygous subjects causes absent or reduced P2X7 function and impairs ATP-induced mycobacterial killing by macrophages. J Biol Chem 281:2079-2086.

Zappe S, Fish M, Scott MP, Solgaard O (2006) Automated MEMS-based Drosophila embryo injection system for high-throughput RNAi screens. Lab Chip 6:1012-1019.

Comley J (2005) Automated Patch Clamping. Drug Discovery World:16.

Schnizler K, Saeger B, Pfeffer C, Gerbaulet A, Ebbinghaus-Kintscher U, Methfessel C, Franken EM, Raming K, Wetzel CH, Saras A, Pusch H, Hatt H, Gisselmann G (2005) A novel chloride channel in Drosophila melanogaster is inhibited by protons. J Biol Chem 280:16254-16262.

Pehl U, Leisgen C, Gampe K, Guenther E (2004) Automated higher-throughput compound screening on ion channel targets based on the Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system. Assay Drug Dev Technol 2:515-524.

Schnizler K, Kuster M, Methfessel C, Fejtl M (2003) The roboocyte: automated cDNA/mRNA injection and subsequent TEVC recording on Xenopus oocytes in 96-well microtiter plates. Receptors Channels 9:41-48.

Standhartinger S (2001) Roboter sucht Medikamtenwirkstoffe automatisch. pressetext Austria:2.